After peter, who was the first bishop of rome and the first pope, the list of the 10 longestreigning popes. Elizabeth, unlike mary, was not raised to rule and subsequently learned from marys successes and failures and built upon the foundations of marys reign as. Born on august 4, 1521, castagna holds the distinction of having one of the shortest reigns in the history of the papacy. Even in his short tenure, he left a lasting imprint on the minds and hearts of the people. Dec 01, 2019 powerful browsing tool for the full list of popes in history. Giovanni battista castagna was elected as pope on 15 september 1590 but died of malaria less than two weeks later. Pope john paul i was the pope from 26 august 1978 to his sudden death on 28 september 1978. Roman catholic popes of the 16th century learn religions. His papacy began just 2 years after the defeat of the invincible armada bankrupted the spanish treasury.
It was only in 1929, in the reign of pius xi, that the vatican became a free citystate. Stephen iis threeday reign was considered invalid because he missed his consecration. Pope stephen ii was elected on 24 march 752 following the death of pope zacharias reigned 741752 and died two days later. Some of the dates for the popes and events in papal history are estimates. From their origin to the present day 9780548221426. His reign lasted from april 1 to april 12, 1605, which was only 11 days in office. He reigned as pope from august 26, 1978 to his unexpected death 33 days later. His reign lasted days, which makes it the shortest papal reign in history. Gregory i becomes first monk elected pope and begins to lay down principles of papal authority over secular rulers. In the next two hundred years, the power struggle between church and state raged on. The list of popes by length of reign is parsed using two organizing standardsidentifying the longest reigns and the shortest ones.
Papal history from the questia online library, including fulltext online books, academic. The first public smoking ban was issued by pope urban vii in 1590, banning the use of tobacco products inside churches. When sixtus v died in 1590, the conclave elected cardinal castagna as pope urban vii. Pope john paul i biography famous people in history. Longest serving popes in the history of the catholic church each of these popes held the title for more than two decades, with the first and most famous pope carrying the honor longer than any other. Hulton archivegetty images boniface vi reigned for 16 days in the year 896. Christopher hibbert shelved 2 times as papal history. Despite his brief reign, the italian son of a socialist stonemason had become very popular with catholics and noncatholics alike. Sep 27, 2014 424 years ago today, on the 27th of september 1590 there came to pass two new of records in history. In 753 the pope, stephen ii, makes an unusual journey north of the alps. His reign is among the shortest in papal history, resulting in the most. Cardinal albini luciano was chosen to be pope on august 26 after one of the shortest voting periods in the vaticans history. He ordered 1208 a crusade against the heretical albigenses in s france that ended disastrously and cast a shadow over his pontificate. Leo xi 1 april 12 april 1605 11 days pope urban vii 15 27 september 1590 12 days marcellus ii 9 april 1 may 1555 20 days john paul 1 26 august 28 september 1978 23.
It marked the end of what would be the shortest papal reign in history, and it also marked the end of probably the shortest and earliest smoking. Despite his short reign, he was responsible for introducing a range of financial. Pope francis is the current pontiff, having been selected by the college of cardinals in 20, following the surprise resignation and retirement of pope benedict the xvi, who served as pope from 200520, following the death of the very popular pope john paul ii, whose reign lasted from 1978 to his death in 2005. Browse by date, by ethnicity, by papal name, by religious order, by sainthood status, popes who resigned, or list all. Apr 25, 2017 longest serving popes in the history of the catholic church each of these popes held the title for more than two decades, with the first and most famous pope carrying the honor longer than any other.
After the split, a merger occurred in which the papal of. The law made smoking in a church punishable by excommunication, and remained in effect until 1724, when it was repealed by. He was the first to add the first to his papal name. From its origins in saint peter, jesus chief disciple, through pope benedict xvi today, the popes have been key players in virtually all of the great dramas of the western world in the last two thousand years. He was the first pope to have been born in the twentieth century. The only other pope to have had a shorter reign was stephen ii in 752. You can also view our list of the longestreigning popes. Elected on september 15, 1590, he died of malaria on september 27 of the same month. In the history of the papacy, who were the longest reigning. Conversely, there have been a number of popes whose reign lasted less than a month. In the eyes of many easter n chris tians, western chris tian ity became therbey a papal church, that. No roundup of papal books would be complete without pontiff, coauthored by my fatherinlaw, max morganwitts.
The pope anoints pepin at the abbey of st denis, near paris, together with his two young sons charles and carloman. Papal history books showing 17 of 7 the borgias and their enemies. A short history of the papacy in the middle ages 9780415302272. The world council of churches was infiltrated by the kgb during the cold war. Marys reign was the shortest of the tudor monarchs except for lady jane grey, who only ruled for nine days and would probably not have a lasting effect were it not for elizabeth. Feb 12, 20 with the resignation of pope benedict, take a look at history s longestreigning popes, or check out history s shortest reigning popes. Why not combine list of longest reigning popes and list of shortest reigning popes to be list of popes by length of reign. After a 24 page preface not a lot of background the book leaps into history. List of popes by length of reign simple english wikipedia, the free. Pope urban vii reigned for calendar days in 1590, the shortest papal tenure in history. You dont see the news networks saying he is the shortest reigning pope right now.
Serving from september 15 to september 27, 1590, pope urban vii was the shortest reigning pope in catholic history following the vaticans removal of stephen ii from the list of popes. Since his reign covered most of the month of september, he was known as the september pope. The leader of the roman catholic church has died after the shortest papal reign in history. Benedict xvi will retire after eight years as head of the catholic church, and go back to simply being joseph ratzinger. Peter, one of the original apostles of jesus christ. In the eyes of many easter n chris tians, western chris tian ity became therbey a papal church, that is, a church that relates so predomi. He was the first pope to be born in the twentieth century. This modern work on jesus as christ and lord has been praised by pope benedict and influenced theologian josef ratzinger. Popes, by length of reign election catholichierarchy. Thus, for example, if a popes reign commenced on 1 august and he died on 2 august, this would count as having reigned for two calendar days.
Despite being very short, his reign was one that radiated warmth, love, faith, hope and humanity. It marked the end of what would be the shortest papal reign in history, and it also marked the end of probably the shortest and earliest smoking bans in history. Short history of the papacy in the middle ages by walter ullmann. As well as shortest longest reign, youngestoldest elected, shortest longest lived, most elected, year with most popes. Innocents reign 11981216 marked the zenith of papal secular power. Additionally, the books outline the various popes that have reigned ever since papacy. List of books and articles about papal history online research. In the following list the number of calendar days includes partial days. Sep 17, 2010 his reign as pope ended in his late 20s when he died of a stroke while supposedly in bed with a married woman, according to a history. A rare recording of pope john paul i audiobook pope john. The law made smoking in a church punishable by excommunication, and remained in effect until 1724, when it was repealed by pope benedict xiii who was a smoker.
With the resignation of pope benedict, take a look at historys longestreigning popes, or check out historys shortestreigning popes. Sep 26, 2017 giovanni battista castagna was elected as pope on 15 september 1590 but died of malaria less than two weeks later. The church was established in the upper room acts 2. List of popes by length of reign simple english wikipedia. With the resignation of pope benedict, take a look at history s shortest reigning popes.
This book recounts the lives and deeds of the popes from peter to john paul ii. The dates were further complicated by the changes made to the julian calendar by pope gregory xiii pope 157285 in 1582. Pope john paul, the surprise candidate elected just 33 days ago, died of a heart attack while reading in. Generally, these books discuss the history of the papacy and give. Is it more worth note to put benedict xvis 2 day ongoing reign over showing benedict vs 33 day reign. Pope john paul i biography facts, childhood, family life. The reignbyreign record of the papacy over 2000 years. In the history of the papacy, who were the longest. But came 1870, italian troops occupied the papal lands and proclaimed rome the capital of italys new kingdom. He was the first to use two papal names, john and paul.
Pius ix reigned for 31 years, 7 months, and 23 days 11,560 days from 1846 to 1878. Although the average reign of the pope from the middle ages was a decade, a number of those whose reign lengths can be determined from contemporary historical data are the following. But subservience was not the papal intention in reinstating the holy roman empire. List of books and articles about papal history online. Feb 02, 2009 pope urban vii is the shortest reigning pope.
Pope julius ii was the nephew of pope sixtus iv and, because of this family connection, he moved around among a lot of different positions of power and authority within the roman catholic churcheventually holding some eight bishoprics in total and then later serving as papal legate to france. Pictures, short entries of what their main accomplishments or what they were known for. The struggle for dominance between emperor and pope comes to a head in two successive reigns, of the emperors henry iii and henry iv, in the 11th century. John viii, connected sometimes with a legendary female pope joan, begins his reign as catholic pope. Peter founded the christian church in rome in the days of the pagan roman empire. Longest serving popes in the history of the catholic church. He provides evidence from church archives at his disposal that at some periods in papal history there were four popes occupying the papal chairs, each in a different building, city or country, operating independently with their own cardinals and staff and holding their own canonical councils. In one of the shortest reigns in papal history, he served only 33 days. Thats right, pope john paul i died on september 28, 1978, just 33 days after taking office. In more recent years, the shortest pontificates have been as follows.
His reign is among the shortest in papal history, resulting in the most recent year of three popes, the first to occur since 1605. Feb 12, 20 pope urban vii reigned for calendar days in 1590, the shortest papal tenure in history. A history of the popes tells the story of the oldest living institution in the western worldthe papacy. He visits the frankish king, pepin iii, to seek his help against the lombards who have recently taken the city of ravenna and who now pose a similar threat to rome. See more ideas about history, catholic and catholic saints. Published in 1983 after over two years of extensive research, the book focuses on the period from 1978 the year which saw the death of pope paul vi, the election and death 33 days later of john paul 1, and the election of john paul.
Controversy, religious outreach mark popes abbreviated reign. As a religious leader innocent worked to reform clerical morals and combat heresy. A short history of the papacy in the middle ages by walter ullmann routledge. Holy roman emperor otto i deposes pope john xii who. He had one of the shortest pontificates in papal history. You can also view our list of the longest reigning popes.
His reign as pope ended in his late 20s when he died of a stroke while supposedly in bed with a married woman, according to a history. The term pope is the name several churches give to their highest spiritual leader. His reign of 33 days is among the shortest in papal history. Feb 14, 20 the history of the church spans almost two millennia. He died after celebrating a consistory he didnt create new cardinals of an ulcer in the leg or, as some have alleged, of poison administered at the instigation of. Pope urban vii was the predecessor of pope gregory and his papacy lasted only 12 daysthe shortest papal reign in history.876 1230 1442 757 855 1478 657 627 136 856 1440 1517 441 970 107 863 138 519 891 1405 507 1404 1268 597 84 690 638 327 821 312 201 1224 361 1081 1013 569 1092 613